What is Electronegativity?

The electronegativity of an element refers to the tendency of an atom of that element to attract a shared pair of electrons towards itself. It is affected by the atomic number of the element and also by the distance between the nucleus of the atom and its valence shell. Electronegativity can be considered the root cause of several phenomena. The inductive effect, which arises due to the difference in the electronegativities of chemically bonded atoms, can lead to the formation of a permanent dipole within the molecule. The opposite of…

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