Sugar intake in pregnancy ups allergy, asthma risk in baby

High intake of sugar during pregnancy may increase the risk of allergy and asthma in the baby, a study has found. While some research has reported an association between a high consumption of sugar-containing beverages and asthma in children, the relation between maternal sugar intake during pregnancy and allergy and asthma in the offspring has been little studied. Researchers from University of Bristol and Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) in the UK collected data from almost 9,000 mothers who were pregnant in the early 1990s and their offspring. The study, published…

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How does prenatal alcohol exposure raise addiction risk

Babies’ exposure to alcohol in the womb causes alteration in the brain’s reward system, which then increases their risk for drug addiction later in life, according to a study. The key appears to lie with endocannibinoids — cannabis — like chemicals that are produced by the brain itself, the research showed. After the prenatal brain is exposed to alcohol, these endocannibinoids impact certain dopamine neurons — that are involved in addicted behaviours. The endocannibinoids weaken the excitatory synapses onto dopamine neurons, in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) — part of…

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Marijuana may up psychosis risk in teenagers: Study

Daily consumption of marijuana may increase an adolescent’s risk of having recurrent psychotic-like experiences by 159 per cent, according to a new study. The psychotic-like experiences include the experiences of perceptual aberration — for example feeling that something external is part of their body — and thinking that they have been unjustly badly treated. “Our findings confirm that becoming a more regular marijuana user during adolescence is, indeed, associated with a risk of psychotic symptoms,” said lead author Josiane Bourque, doctoral student at the Universite de Montreal (UdeM) in Canada.…

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Less diverse gut viruses raise diabetes risk

Your child’s chances of developing Type I diabetes may depend on the diversity of viruses present in his or her intestines, researchers say. Type 1 diabetes is a chronic autoimmune disease in which one’s own immune system destroys the cells needed to control blood-sugar levels, requiring daily insulin injections and continual monitoring. The study showed that children whose gut viral communities are less diverse are more likely to generate self-destructive antibodies that can lead to Type 1 diabetes. Further, children who carried a specific virus belonging to the ‘Circoviridae family’…

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Tall, obese men at increased risk of aggressive prostate cancer

Men who are tall and obese may be at an increased risk of developing aggressive prostate cancer as well as death from the condition, according to a study. The findings showed that with every additional ten centimetres (3.9 inches) of height the risk of aggressive prostate cancer and death from it increased by 21 per cent and 17 per cent, respectively. Higher BMI was also found to be associated with increased risk of aggressive tumours as well as increased risk of death from prostate cancer. This may be due to…

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High Sugar Intake During Pregnancy Linked To Child's Increased Risk For Asthma And Allergies

The role of maternal diet on a child’s prenatal development is something that is taken seriously by most expecting mothers. Now researchers have found a link between high sugar intake during pregnancy and the child’s increased risk for eventually developing asthma and allergic asthma. Increasing Asthma And Allergy Prevalence It was previously believed that the declining intake in antioxidants is responsible for the increase in the prevalence of atopy and asthma. According to this hypothesis, the lessened intake of antioxidants in Westernized countries has also negatively affected the pulmonary defenses,…

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Pet Owners At Greater Risk Of Finding Tick On Household Members

People get more tick bites between the months of May and July than any other time of the year. New research now shows that pet owners are more at risk of encountering ticks in their homes. Tick Encounters Tick control especially during tick season is an important part of keeping the household clean. Apart from keeping the home free from pests, it also lessens the chances of contracting tick-borne diseases. Using data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) initiative called TickNET, a team of researchers examined whether pet…

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Poor Night Sleep May Increase Alzheimer's Risk: How To Get Better Sleep According To Scientists

Long periods of poor sleep can boost levels of proteins linked to the development of Alzheimer’s disease, researchers of a new study have revealed. Sleep And Alzheimer’s Disease In the study published in the journal Brain, Yo-El Ju, from the Washington University in St. Louis, and colleagues found evidence suggesting that quality sleep is crucial for helping the body clear away amyloid and tau. The compounds are believed to cause Alzheimer’s disease. Chronic deprivation of quality sleep over long periods can raise the likelihood of amyloid and tau building up and…

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Eating tomatoes every day may reduce risk of skin cancer, finds study

If you love eating tomatoes, then here’s another reason to keep up the good habit. A recent study has found that eating tomatoes daily brings down the risk of skin cancer, especially in men, by half. Through a study conducted on mice, researchers explained how nutritional interventions can alter the risk for skin cancers. Male mice were fed a diet consisting of 10% tomato powder daily for 35 weeks, then exposed to ultraviolet light. They experienced, on average, a 50% decrease in skin cancer tumours compared to mice that ate…

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Harmful Chemicals and Plastic Matter in Food Linked to Risk of Chronic Diseases in Men

Do you usually consume foods packed in plastic? Experts now suggest that potentially harmful chemicals found in plastic products, such as phthalates, may pose severe threat to human health. Researchers at the University of Adelaide and the South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute joined hands to investigate the presence of harmful chemicals in around 1500 male participants. The urine samples of close to 99.6% of the participants contained phthalates. Traces of phthalates in human body have often been linked to triggering a range of ailments. “We found that the prevalence of cardiovascular disease,…

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