Sugar intake in pregnancy ups allergy, asthma risk in baby

High intake of sugar during pregnancy may increase the risk of allergy and asthma in the baby, a study has found. While some research has reported an association between a high consumption of sugar-containing beverages and asthma in children, the relation between maternal sugar intake during pregnancy and allergy and asthma in the offspring has been little studied. Researchers from University of Bristol and Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) in the UK collected data from almost 9,000 mothers who were pregnant in the early 1990s and their offspring.

The study, published in the European Respiratory Journal, analysed associations between maternal intake of free sugars in pregnancy and allergy and asthma at seven years of age.

Allergy was defined as by positive skin tests to common allergens, namely dust mite, cat and grass.

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While there was only weak evidence for a link between free sugar intake in pregnancy and asthma overall, there were strong positive associations with allergy and allergic asthma together.

When comparing the 20 per cent of mothers with the highest sugar intake versus the 20 per cent of mothers with the lowest sugar intake, there was an increased risk of 38 per cent for allergy in the offspring (73 per cent for allergy to two or more allergens) and 101 per cent for allergic asthma.

“We cannot say on the basis of these observations that a high intake of sugar by mothers in pregnancy is definitely causing allergy and allergic asthma in their offspring,” said Professor Seif Shaheen from QMUL.

However, given the extremely high consumption of sugar in the West, we will certainly be investigating this hypothesis further with some urgency.

The team speculate that the associations may be explained by a high maternal intake of fructose causing a persistent postnatal allergic immune response leading to allergic inflammation in the developing lung.

The researchers controlled for factors like maternal characteristics, social factors and other aspects of maternal diet, including foods and nutrients that have been previously linked to childhood asthma and allergy.

The offspring’s free sugar intake in early childhood was found to have no association with the outcomes seen in the analysis.

Ohio Mom Gets Death Threats After Posting Fake Photo Of 'Pierced' Baby

What was meant to protest the piercing of young children is now turning into a huge headache for one Ohio mom who just wanted to take a stand.

Enedina Vance has always been a strong advocate against subjecting young children to piercing or circumcision. However, she felt like few parents took her message seriously, so she decided to make a bold statement online.

Vance took a photo of her 6-month-old daughter on her phone. She then placed a diamond stud on the baby’s left cheek to make it seem like she had a piercing and posted it on Facebook. She captioned the photo by telling what she had done to her child.

“I make all of her decisions until she’s 18, I made her, I own her!!” the 35-year-old mother wrote on the post.

Vance meant for the post to draw people’s attention to the issue, and it did just that. The edited photo drew about 13,000 reactions and was shared more than 14,000 times.

“The reaction that parents have when they see this beautiful perfect baby being … mutilated, that initial shock, that reaction of anger, I want them to hold on to that,” Vance said.

Bad Parenting?

While some Facebook users expressed their support for Vance’s message, other people were appalled at what they saw as bad parenting. Many thought that the Ohio mother had really pierced her daughter’s cheek to prove her point.

Vance said she couldn’t believe that there are some who missed the point that it was supposed to be satirical. She even included the hashtag #sarcasm with her post.

However, some people were so outraged by it that they threatened Vance with having child protective services take her children away or having her beaten to death.

Other social media users simply did not agree with Vance’s message. Some even claimed that there is nothing wrong with letting their children get piercings.

One person commented that she got her ears pierced when she was a baby but still grew up fine. She also said that she was having a baby girl and that she will have her ears pierced too.

Despite getting hate emails for her social media post, Vance pointed out that she also received words of encouragement from people who shared her stance on piercing and circumcising children. There were some parents who said they weren’t given much of a choice on whether to have their sons circumcised.

Vance said much of the responsibility of having children circumcised lies with the medical community since doctors are the ones who encourage parents. She stressed that the procedure should neither be an option nor a question.

In Ohio, children below the age of 18 can get tattoos or piercings if a parent or a guardian is present during the procedure. Other states, however, allow minors to get piercings if they have their parents’ consent.

 

Baby falcon named Lux, born on UC Berkeley campus, dies after window mishap

Berkeley , California One of two baby peregrine falcons born on the University of California, Berkeley campus, died after flying into a window, university officials said Wednesday.

The chick, named Lux by the campus community, flew on Tuesday onto a 10th-floor balcony and got trapped. The bird hit a window as it tried to escape the balcony and died from the impact, the university said in a statement.

The birds hatched in May at the university’s Campanile and were the first to be born on campus in recent memory. Lux and the other bird, named Fiat, successfully flew for the first time last week, marking another milestone in the recovery of the once-endangered species.

Volunteer nest monitor Mary Malec said window strikes are a common cause of death of raptors.

A June  2017 photo provided by volunteer nest monitor Mary Malec shows peregrine falcon Lux at the University of California, Berkeley. The chick died after flying into a window, university officials said on Wednesday.

“Windows reflect the sky and clouds. It looks like they are flying into the open sky,” she said.

Malec said the university plans to install more bird-safe windows on campus. LeConte Hall, for example, already has decals on the breezeway between buildings, which help birds avoid an accidental collision.

Peregrine falcons can reach speeds of more than 200 miles per hour, killing their prey — other birds — in mid-air.

Once on the brink of extinction, peregrine falcons have soared back and moved from their natural cliff faces into urban areas, laying their eggs on skyscrapers and other tall buildings, like UC Berkeley’s Campanile.